Houses in Multiple Occupation

What is a house in multiple occupation?

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A house in multiple occupation (HMO) is defined as a property occupied by three or more persons (including children) who form more than one household. This includes buildings converted into self-contained flats (which do not meet the standards of the 1991 Building Regulations).

A household may be a single person or several members of the same family. For example:

  • a house occupied by a brother, sister and one other unrelated occupant would form two households;
  • three unrelated persons would form three households.

The tenancy agreement is not relevant in determining if a house is an HMO. Nor is the size of the property (e.g. the number of storeys).

More information about HMOs and what properties need to be licensed

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